## Convert a SID to String with Java

A security identifier (SID) is an unique identifier, commonly used in Microsoft’s systems. For example, it’s used to identify users within Windows, or, more generally, within an Active Directory.

The SID is a binary value, with a variable length, that can be also be represented as a string. This conversion is implemented by the function called `ConvertSidToStringSid`, provided by the library `Advapi32.dll`, available only in Windows.

Hence, if you need to perform this conversion, you can procede with one of these two paths:

• Use Advapi32 (only in Windows)
• Rewrite the conversion
Thus, it’s very useful to have that implementation in a particular language (in our case Java), to be used everywhere. I noticed that, after a research in Internet, all the implementations are wrong, despite they work in general. Therefore, I decided to write my own implementation, thoroughly tested to prove you its correctness.

## Raspberry Pi Plays Ruzzle

During last summer, I had some good relaxing moments: I continued to play with Ruzzle, on my way!

## Ruzzle Solver Algorithm

With the success of Ruzzle Solver, a lot of users have asked me to publish more informations about it. In this post, I will talk about some methods to realise this type of algorithms. Surely, in the future, I will talk more about its implementation.

## Artificial Intelligence: Markov Decision Process

In AI, sometimes, you need to plan a sequence of action that lead you to your goal. In stochastic environment, in those situation where you can’t know the outcomes of your actions, a sequence of actions is not sufficient: you need a policy.

Markov Decision Process is a mathematical framework that helps to build a policy in a stochastic environment where you know the probabilities of certain outcomes.

In this post, I give you a breif introduction of Markov Decision Process. Then, I’ll show you my implementation, in python, of the most important algorithms that can help you to find policies in stocastic enviroments. You can fine a more detailed description of the Markov Decision Process in my my slides that I’ve used for a seminar at University.

## Network Time Protocol request in C#

I’m writing an application in C# that needs to know if the system time is not fake (only if the network is on). For this reason, I make a class that retrieves the time from a NTP server. The class is written to prevent that the same servers are called too often using a simple circular array. For the data returned by the servers, I invite you to see the RFC-2030.